Absolute Reference in Excel

Absolute reference in Excel refers to a cell reference that is “locked.” This means that the rows and columns won’t change when copied within a spreadsheet (or sheets).

This does differ from Relative Reference, where a cell is pointed to in Excel, but not locked.

An Absolute Reference works by adding “$” around the row and column. The Shortcut is F4.

Absolute Reference in Excel

Absolute Reference
Absolute Reference Example

Once the cell is locked, you can drag down the autofill handle to complete the following calculations.

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