INDEX Function in Excel

The Index Function in Excel returns the value of an array given a specific row and column.

Syntax:

 INDEX(array, row_num, [column_num]) 

Arguments:

  • array – this is a range of cells that you want to return a value from.
  • row_num – the row number in array from which you want to return a value. If omitted, the column_num is required.
  • column_num – the column number in array from which you want to return a value. If omitted, row_num is required.

INDEX Function in Excel Example:

 =INDEX(A2:C12,5,2) 

Using the formula above, we set the search feature look from cells A2 through C12. Next, we want to return the value from Row 5, Column 2 (B).

The end result is Alabama.

Index Function

The INDEX Function and MATCH Function are typically used together. Check out this tutorial using both these functions as an alternative to VLOOKUP’s.